Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: wims version File versions

ThreeD.java

/*
 * @(#)TreeD.java
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1994-1996 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software
 * and its documentation for NON-COMMERCIAL or COMMERCIAL purposes and
 * without fee is hereby granted. 
 * Please refer to the file http://java.sun.com/copy_trademarks.html
 * for further important copyright and trademark information and to
 * http://java.sun.com/licensing.html for further important licensing
 * information for the Java (tm) Technology.
 * 
 * SUN MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES ABOUT THE SUITABILITY OF
 * THE SOFTWARE, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
 * TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A
 * PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. SUN SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR
 * ANY DAMAGES SUFFERED BY LICENSEE AS A RESULT OF USING, MODIFYING OR
 * DISTRIBUTING THIS SOFTWARE OR ITS DERIVATIVES.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS NOT DESIGNED OR INTENDED FOR USE OR RESALE AS ON-LINE
 * CONTROL EQUIPMENT IN HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS REQUIRING FAIL-SAFE
 * PERFORMANCE, SUCH AS IN THE OPERATION OF NUCLEAR FACILITIES, AIRCRAFT
 * NAVIGATION OR COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, DIRECT LIFE
 * SUPPORT MACHINES, OR WEAPONS SYSTEMS, IN WHICH THE FAILURE OF THE
 * SOFTWARE COULD LEAD DIRECTLY TO DEATH, PERSONAL INJURY, OR SEVERE
 * PHYSICAL OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE ("HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES").  SUN
 * SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR
 * HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES.
 */
/* A set of classes to parse, represent and display 3D wireframe models
   represented in Wavefront .obj format. */

import java.applet.Applet;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Event;
import java.io.StreamTokenizer;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URL;

class FileFormatException extends Exception {
    public FileFormatException(String s) {
      super(s);
    }
}

/** The representation of a 3D model */
00050 class Model3D {
    float vert[];
    int tvert[];
    int nvert, maxvert;
    int con[];
    int ncon, maxcon;
    boolean transformed;
    Matrix3D mat;

    float xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax, zmin, zmax;

    Model3D () {
      mat = new Matrix3D ();
      mat.xrot(20);
      mat.yrot(30);
    }
    /** Create a 3D model by parsing an input stream */
00067     Model3D (InputStream is) throws IOException, FileFormatException {
      this();
      StreamTokenizer st = new StreamTokenizer(is);
      st.eolIsSignificant(true);
      st.commentChar('#');
scan:
      while (true) {
          switch (st.nextToken()) {
            default:
            break scan;
            case StreamTokenizer.TT_EOL:
            break;
            case StreamTokenizer.TT_WORD:
            if ("v".equals(st.sval)) {
                double x = 0, y = 0, z = 0;
                if (st.nextToken() == StreamTokenizer.TT_NUMBER) {
                  x = st.nval;
                  if (st.nextToken() == StreamTokenizer.TT_NUMBER) {
                      y = st.nval;
                      if (st.nextToken() == StreamTokenizer.TT_NUMBER)
                        z = st.nval;
                  }
                }
                addVert((float) x, (float) y, (float) z);
                while (st.ttype != StreamTokenizer.TT_EOL &&
                      st.ttype != StreamTokenizer.TT_EOF)
                  st.nextToken();
            } else if ("f".equals(st.sval) || "fo".equals(st.sval) || "l".equals(st.sval)) {
                int start = -1;
                int prev = -1;
                int n = -1;
                while (true)
                  if (st.nextToken() == StreamTokenizer.TT_NUMBER) {
                      n = (int) st.nval;
                      if (prev >= 0)
                        add(prev - 1, n - 1);
                      if (start < 0)
                        start = n;
                      prev = n;
                  } else if (st.ttype == '/')
                      st.nextToken();
                  else
                      break;
                if (start >= 0)
                  add(start - 1, prev - 1);
                if (st.ttype != StreamTokenizer.TT_EOL)
                  break scan;
            } else {
                while (st.nextToken() != StreamTokenizer.TT_EOL
                      && st.ttype != StreamTokenizer.TT_EOF);
            }
          }
      }
      is.close();
      if (st.ttype != StreamTokenizer.TT_EOF)
          throw new FileFormatException(st.toString());
    }

    /** Add a vertex to this model */
00126     int addVert(float x, float y, float z) {
      int i = nvert;
      if (i >= maxvert)
          if (vert == null) {
            maxvert = 100;
            vert = new float[maxvert * 3];
          } else {
            maxvert *= 2;
            float nv[] = new float[maxvert * 3];
            System.arraycopy(vert, 0, nv, 0, vert.length);
            vert = nv;
          }
      i *= 3;
      vert[i] = x;
      vert[i + 1] = y;
      vert[i + 2] = z;
      return nvert++;
    }
    /** Add a line from vertex p1 to vertex p2 */
00145     void add(int p1, int p2) {
      int i = ncon;
      if (p1 >= nvert || p2 >= nvert)
          return;
      if (i >= maxcon)
          if (con == null) {
            maxcon = 100;
            con = new int[maxcon];
          } else {
            maxcon *= 2;
            int nv[] = new int[maxcon];
            System.arraycopy(con, 0, nv, 0, con.length);
            con = nv;
          }
      if (p1 > p2) {
          int t = p1;
          p1 = p2;
          p2 = t;
      }
      con[i] = (p1 << 16) | p2;
      ncon = i + 1;
    }
    /** Transform all the points in this model */
00168     void transform() {
      if (transformed || nvert <= 0)
          return;
      if (tvert == null || tvert.length < nvert * 3)
          tvert = new int[nvert*3];
      mat.transform(vert, tvert, nvert);
      transformed = true;
    }

   /* Quick Sort implementation
    */
   private void quickSort(int a[], int left, int right)
   {
      int leftIndex = left;
      int rightIndex = right;
      int partionElement;
      if ( right > left)
      {

         /* Arbitrarily establishing partition element as the midpoint of
          * the array.
          */
         partionElement = a[ ( left + right ) / 2 ];

         // loop through the array until indices cross
         while( leftIndex <= rightIndex )
         {
            /* find the first element that is greater than or equal to 
             * the partionElement starting from the leftIndex.
             */
            while( ( leftIndex < right ) && ( a[leftIndex] < partionElement ) )
               ++leftIndex;

            /* find an element that is smaller than or equal to 
             * the partionElement starting from the rightIndex.
             */
            while( ( rightIndex > left ) && 
                   ( a[rightIndex] > partionElement ) )
               --rightIndex;

            // if the indexes have not crossed, swap
            if( leftIndex <= rightIndex ) 
            {
               swap(a, leftIndex, rightIndex);
               ++leftIndex;
               --rightIndex;
            }
         }

         /* If the right index has not reached the left side of array
          * must now sort the left partition.
          */
         if( left < rightIndex )
            quickSort( a, left, rightIndex );

         /* If the left index has not reached the right side of array
          * must now sort the right partition.
          */
         if( leftIndex < right )
            quickSort( a, leftIndex, right );

      }
   }

   private void swap(int a[], int i, int j)
   {
      int T;
      T = a[i]; 
      a[i] = a[j];
      a[j] = T;
   }


    /** eliminate duplicate lines */
00242     void compress() {
      int limit = ncon;
      int c[] = con;
      quickSort(con, 0, ncon - 1);
      int d = 0;
      int pp1 = -1;
      for (int i = 0; i < limit; i++) {
          int p1 = c[i];
          if (pp1 != p1) {
            c[d] = p1;
            d++;
          }
          pp1 = p1;
      }
      ncon = d;
    }

    static Color gr[];

    /** Paint this model to a graphics context.  It uses the matrix associated
      with this model to map from model space to screen space.
      The next version of the browser should have double buffering,
      which will make this *much* nicer */
00265     void paint(Graphics g) {
      if (vert == null || nvert <= 0)
          return;
      transform();
      if (gr == null) {
          gr = new Color[16];
          for (int i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
            int grey = (int) (170*(1-Math.pow(i/15.0, 2.3)));
            gr[i] = new Color(grey, grey, grey);
          }
      }
      int lg = 0;
      int lim = ncon;
      int c[] = con;
      int v[] = tvert;
      if (lim <= 0 || nvert <= 0)
          return;
      for (int i = 0; i < lim; i++) {
          int T = c[i];
          int p1 = ((T >> 16) & 0xFFFF) * 3;
          int p2 = (T & 0xFFFF) * 3;
          int grey = v[p1 + 2] + v[p2 + 2];
          if (grey < 0)
            grey = 0;
          if (grey > 15)
            grey = 15;
          if (grey != lg) {
            lg = grey;
            g.setColor(gr[grey]);
          }
          g.drawLine(v[p1], v[p1 + 1],
                   v[p2], v[p2 + 1]);
      }
    }

    /** Find the bounding box of this model */
00301     void findBB() {
      if (nvert <= 0)
          return;
      float v[] = vert;
      float xmin = v[0], xmax = xmin;
      float ymin = v[1], ymax = ymin;
      float zmin = v[2], zmax = zmin;
      for (int i = nvert * 3; (i -= 3) > 0;) {
          float x = v[i];
          if (x < xmin)
            xmin = x;
          if (x > xmax)
            xmax = x;
          float y = v[i + 1];
          if (y < ymin)
            ymin = y;
          if (y > ymax)
            ymax = y;
          float z = v[i + 2];
          if (z < zmin)
            zmin = z;
          if (z > zmax)
            zmax = z;
      }
      this.xmax = xmax;
      this.xmin = xmin;
      this.ymax = ymax;
      this.ymin = ymin;
      this.zmax = zmax;
      this.zmin = zmin;
    }
}

/** An applet to put a 3D model into a page */
00335 public class ThreeD extends Applet implements Runnable {
    Model3D md;
    boolean painted = true;
    float xfac;
    int prevx, prevy;
    float xtheta, ytheta;
    float scalefudge = 1;
    Matrix3D amat = new Matrix3D(), tmat = new Matrix3D();
    String mdname = null;
    String message = null;

    public void init() {
      mdname = getParameter("model");
      try {
          scalefudge = Float.valueOf(getParameter("scale")).floatValue();
      }catch(Exception e){};
      amat.yrot(20);
      amat.xrot(20);
      if (mdname == null)
          mdname = "model.obj";
      resize(size().width <= 20 ? 400 : size().width,
             size().height <= 20 ? 400 : size().height);
    }
    public void run() {
      InputStream is = null;
      try {
          Thread.currentThread().setPriority(Thread.MIN_PRIORITY);
          is = new URL(getDocumentBase(), mdname).openStream();
          Model3D m = new Model3D (is);
          md = m;
          m.findBB();
          m.compress();
          float xw = m.xmax - m.xmin;
          float yw = m.ymax - m.ymin;
          float zw = m.zmax - m.zmin;
          if (yw > xw)
            xw = yw;
          if (zw > xw)
            xw = zw;
          float f1 = size().width / xw;
          float f2 = size().height / xw;
          xfac = 0.7f * (f1 < f2 ? f1 : f2) * scalefudge;
      } catch(Exception e) {
          md = null;
          message = e.toString();
      }
      try {
          if (is != null)
            is.close();
      } catch(Exception e) {
      }
      repaint();
    }
    public void start() {
      if (md == null && message == null)
          new Thread(this).start();
    }
    public void stop() {
    }
    public boolean mouseDown(Event e, int x, int y) {
      prevx = x;
      prevy = y;
      return true;
    }
    public boolean mouseDrag(Event e, int x, int y) {
      tmat.unit();
      float xtheta = (prevy - y) * 360.0f / size().width;
      float ytheta = (x - prevx) * 360.0f / size().height;
      tmat.xrot(xtheta);
      tmat.yrot(ytheta);
      amat.mult(tmat);
      if (painted) {
          painted = false;
          repaint();
      }
      prevx = x;
      prevy = y;
      return true;
    }
    public void paint(Graphics g) {
      if (md != null) {
          md.mat.unit();
          md.mat.translate(-(md.xmin + md.xmax) / 2,
                       -(md.ymin + md.ymax) / 2,
                       -(md.zmin + md.zmax) / 2);
          md.mat.mult(amat);
//        md.mat.scale(xfac, -xfac, 8 * xfac / size().width);
          md.mat.scale(xfac, -xfac, 16 * xfac / size().width);
          md.mat.translate(size().width / 2, size().height / 2, 8);
          md.transformed = false;
          md.paint(g);
          setPainted();
      } else if (message != null) {
          g.drawString("Error in model:", 3, 20);
          g.drawString(message, 10, 40);
      }
    }
    private synchronized void setPainted() {
      painted = true;
      notifyAll();
    }
//    private synchronized void waitPainted() {
//    while (!painted)
//        wait();
//    painted = false;
//    }
}

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index